FDA ALERT [7/2006] – Possible Life-Threatening Threatening Serotonin Syndrome When Used With SSRI or SNRI Medicines
A life-threatening condition called serotonin syndrome can happen when medicines called 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor agonists (triptans), such as Zomig, and medicines used to treat depression and mood disorders called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or selective serotonin/norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), are used together. Signs and symptoms of serotonin syndrome include the following:
* loss of coordination
* fast heart beat
* increased body temperature
* fast changes in blood pressure
* overactive reflexes
Serotonin syndrome may be more likely to occur when starting or increasing the dose of a triptan, SSRI, or SNRI. This information comes from reports sent to FDA and knowledge of how these medicines work. If you take medicines for depression or mood disorders, ask your healthcare professional if your medicine is an SSRI or SNRI.
Before you take Zomig and an SSRI or SNRI together, talk to your healthcare professional. If you must take these medicines together, be aware of the possibility of serotonin syndrome, and get medical care right away if you think serotonin syndrome is happening to you.
What is Zomig?
Zomig is used for the short term treatment of most types of migraine attacks in adults. Zomig is not used to prevent migraines, or to decrease the number of migraine attacks. Zomig has not been shown to treat cluster headaches.
Who Should Not Take Zomig?
You should not take Zomig if you have (or have had) any of following conditions:
* uncontrolled high blood pressure
* heart disease or a history of heart disease
* hemiplegic or basilar migraine (if you are not sure about this, ask your healthcare professional)
* circulation (blood flow) problems to your arms, legs, and bowels
* have taken another migraine medicine in the same drug class as Zomig or other migraine medicines that contain ergotamine, dihydroergotamine, or methylsergide in the last 24 hours (ask your healthcare professional for a list of these medicines if you are unsure)
* take a monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor medicine, or have taken a MAO inhibitor in the past 2 weeks
* phenylketonuric patients should not take Zomig-ZMT(orally disintegrating tablets), because they contain phenylalanine (an ingredient in aspartame)
What are The Risks?
The following are the major potential risks and side effects of Zomig therapy. However, this list is not complete.
Some signs of rare but serious side effects include:
* Possible life-threatening serotonin syndrome when used with SSRI or SNRI medicines: See FDA Alert [07/2006] above.
* Pain, pressure or tightness in the chest or throat. If severe, or does not go away, call your healthcare professional right away. If this happens at all, discuss with your healthcare professional before taking any more Zomig.
* Rarely, people have a serious allergic reaction to Zomig. This could cause shortness of breath, wheeziness, heart throbbing, swelling of eyelids, face, or lips, or a skin rash, lumps or hives. If this happens, tell your healthcare professional right away.
Other side effects may include:
* dry mouth
* chest heaviness or pressure
What Should I Tell My Healthcare Professional?
Before you start taking Zomig, tell your healthcare professional if you:
* are trying to become pregnant, are already pregnant, or are breastfeeding
* have risk factors for heart disease including:
o high cholesterol
o high blood pressure
o strong family history of heart disease
o postmenopausal female,
o or a male over 40
Can Other Medicines Or Food Affect Zomig?
Zomig and certain other medicines can interact with each other. Tell your healthcare professional about all the medicines you take including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Some medicines may affect how Zomig works or Zomig may affect how your other medicines work. Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of them with you to show your healthcare professional.
Especially tell your healthcare professional if you:
* take a SSRI or SNRI medicine
* have taken another migraine medicine in the same drug class as Zomig or other migraine medicines that contain ergotamine, dihydroergotamine, or methylsergide in the last 24 hours
* take a medicine called a monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors, or have taken a MAO inhibitor in the past 2 weeks
* take cimetidine
Ask your healthcare professional if you are not sure about the types of medicines you take.