This birth control is mentioned as contraceptives, family planning, fertility control, and pregnancy prevention.
Methods for Birth Control
Many different contraception methods are accessible. With lots of selections, it can be confusing. Knowing the pros and cons of every type could help you select the right technique for you. Also, it is helpful to comprehend that every method characteristically falls in among the categories:
- Natural—This is also called natural family planning. These are birth control approaches in which there is no need for interactive actions to evade getting pregnant. To be positive, using many of such systems, you have to identify the body and any signal it gives throughout the menstrual cycle.
- Over the Counter —Such methods are found in the family planning part of local stores. It means that you could purchase them with no prescription. Generally, OTC contraception takes place by forming a barrier that avoids sperm from getting to the egg or with a chemical responsible for decreasing their aptitude to swim.
- Prescription—These are choices that need you to speak to a physician for an order. The methods contain hormonal contraception, IUDs, and barrier methods.
- Permanent— Known as sterilization. Such methods permanently prevent you from having the ability to become pregnant. Typically, they are performed via surgery and among the most popular of all contraception approaches.
- Emergency—Such may be a single category. This includes means specifically planned not to be haunted to 120-hours after unprotected sex, or there is a failure in contraception to prevent you from getting pregnant. Forms are available both OTC and by prescription.
Birth Control: Specific Kinds
It is easy to understand various contraception types supported the categories:
- Natural— Outercourse, abstinence, natural family planning, withdrawal, and continuous breastfeeding.
- Over the Counter—Condoms for men, spermicide, female condoms, and the sponge
- Prescription— NuvaRing, the pill, the patch, Nexplanon, Depo-Provera, Nexplanon, IUDs contraceptive, and the diaphragm.
- Permanent— keyhole/no-scalpel vasectomy, traditional vasectomy, ligation
- Emergency— There are two forms for the morning after pill. Plan B One-Step has levonorgestrel and is accessible even with no prescription. There are many generic versions like My Way, Next Choice One Dose, AfterPill, Take Action, and Next Choice.
As you will see, most of the available methods are for ladies. Apart from abstinence and withdrawal, the sole selections for men are condoms and vasectomy. Male hormonal contraception is now being researched, but there are not any methods existing yet.
Contraception: How to Use it
As mentioned, there are different sorts of contraception. But every method is intended to figure during a specific way:
- Behaviorally—These are actions like monitoring changes in the body to work out during ovulation.
- Injected—Birth control is being introduced into the body using an injection.
- Orally—These are methods like the combination of birth control pills or mini-pill as they must be taken by orally at the same time every day.
- Inserted—It needs to be placed to the vagina to block sperm from going to the egg, like the female condoms, sponge, diaphragm, and spermicide. This also includes the NuvaRing that is inserted into the vagina so it will take hormones.
- Implanted—This is the method in which the doctor must embed or slide a device, like an IUD and Nexplanon.
- Worn—Men can wear condoms on their penises to catch sperm and keep it out of the vagina. Women can wear the patch which releases hormones through the skin or wear female condoms, which also catch sperm.
- Surgically—Typically permanent options such as getting the tubes tied or undergoing a vasectomy.
The most important thing about contraception is that you simply use it correctly and every time that you have sex. Also, although all these methods are very different, the one thing they have in common is that no technique (except for abstinence) is 100% effective.
Hormonal choices of contraception involve the utilization of the hormones to stop ovulation. Although pills are considered to be the foremost extensively used hormonal technique, other options are obtainable, including hormone patches, a vaginal ring that is applied to the skin, and injections of a birth control shot or progestin.
Known negative effects of contraception pills:
- Weight increase
- Skin discoloration
- Bleeding and/or spotting
- Change in mood
- Changes in menstrual flow
- Tenderness or breast swelling
- Stomach upset
- Blood clots, heart attacks as well as strokes, are possible and serious problems of oral contraceptives. Smoking surges the risk of such problems. The risk is utmost in women more than 35, who considered being are heavy smokers.
Barrier Approaches of Contraception, Kinds and Side effects
Barrier selections prevent the impregnation of the egg by the sperm cell. Such either avoid contact between sperm and egg through a bodily block, or they kill the sperm cells before being ready to fertilize the egg. Examples of such physical barrier contraceptives may include the condoms, diaphragm, and, thus, the cervical shield or cap.
Contraceptive sponges comprise a spermicide ointment that kills the sperm cells as well as other kinds of spermicides that are existing. Spermicides can be utilized in blend with barrier methods for better effectiveness.
Barrier Methods: Side Effects
Side effects of the barrier methods of birth control include An augmented risk for having urinary tract infections when using a spermicide and diaphragm. Leaving the cervical cap for over 24 hours surges your danger for poisonous shock syndrome.
Some individuals may have allergic reactions to chemicals that are used in spermicide ointment or other products. They might also progress exasperation of the penis or vagina.
Among the recompenses to the usage of the barrier approach is the fact that they will reduce the risk of STD.
Surgical sterilization (vasectomy or tubal ligation) risks, as well as side effects. Surgical purification is a method of everlasting birth control obtainable for menopausal women and men. Sterilization implants are a new enduring birth control that’s existing for females that helps them to evade the surgical process associated with ligation.
Dangers of Vasectomy?
Though women have had ligation comes with no negative effects after recuperating from the process, any operation itself transmits a minor risk of bleeding or infection and difficulties from the painkilling agents.
Similarly, the vasectomy process is related to small dangers from the technique as well as pain and swelling after the procedure. For a specific time post-vasectomy, a person could still be productive, and usually suggested that a fencing technique or other types of birth control method is utilized for 10 to 12 weeks, or 15-20 ejaculations post-procedure.
Methods for Natural Birth Control
Natural means include pursuing a woman’s cycle to undertake to work out when ovulation is presumably to occur and evading sexual activity. There are alternative ways to sense ovulation, which includes basal blood heat method and, therefore, the usage of kits for home ovulation tests. Checking the steadiness of cervical mucus is different to help control when ovulation happens.
These approaches have the chance to be the slightest successful means as they need discipline in both recording and chasing and sympathetic to the consequences.
Emergency contraception: Types and Side Effects
Emergency contraception may be a device or medication used to avoid pregnancy after unprotected intercourse has happened. These are also popular as the morning-after pills. The drugs stop pregnancy if consumed in 72 hours right after sex. This can also be called as emergency contraception.
Side effects- emergency contraception:
- breast tenderness
- lower abdominal pain
Negative effects of IUDs are dependent on the kind of IUD used.
Copper-containing can worsen cramps and menstrual bleeding.
Perforation or puncture of the uterus is not a common complication of IUDs.
IUDs with hormones can cause the same side effects to hormonal contraceptives such as acne, breast tenderness, and headaches.
Precautions and Warnings
Although birth control pills are safe, the use of a combination pill could slightly increase the risk of health difficulties. Problems are not common but can be severe. Such include blood clots, stroke, heart attack, and liver tumors.
When talking with a doctor regarding birth control, inform him or her about any medication that you are taking and health problems that you have.
There is a slight potential that you could get pregnant despite taking the pill daily. In case you get pregnant and takes the pill in the first part of pregnancy, this will not increase the danger of birth imperfections or vision problems.
It’s significant to recall that the chance of having any of these problems while still taking pills is low for the majority of people. Pregnancy can cause serious health difficulties than the pill. The nurse or doctor could help you to figure out the types of birth control that will be the safest.