Radioactive/ Radiation Treatment Side Effects happen when the body is damaged by a large dose of radiation over a short period of time. Workers at nuclear power plants or emergency respondents at the site of a nuclear disaster are at greatest danger of exposure to dangerously high levels of radiation.
The more radiation a person is hit by, the sicker they will get. That’s why the first step in stopping harm is to prevent exposure. In Japan, authorities enlarged the evacuation zone for individuals living close to the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant, which was damaged by the deadly March 11 earthquake and following tsunami.
Once exposed, people are checked to see how much radiation they were exposed to. Their bodies, clothes and shoes are then washed with soap and water.
Potassium Iodide Pills
Potassium iodide pills are often given out to individuals at risk of exposure or who have been exposed. The compound prevents or reduces absorption of radioactive iodine, a byproduct of nuclear fission, through the thyroid gland, which uses iodine to produce thyroid hormones.
But potassium iodide cannot stop radioactive iodine from seeping in elsewhere in the body and does not stop the absorption of other radioactive elements, such as cesium, which stays in the body and the environment much longer than iodine.
Health officials advise people against taking potassium iodide when not needed since it can cause allergic reactions and side-effects such as nausea and vomiting. If taken by a pregnant woman, the fetus runs a higher risk of developing goiter or abnormal thyroid function. High levels of potassium in the blood can cause arrhythmias, said B.C. Health Officer Dr. Perry Kendall.
Your health practitioner and nurse are the best folks to chat to about your treatment, complications, things you have got to do to look after yourself, and any other medical concerns you could have.
Tell them about any changes in the way you are feeling and about any complications you are having, including skin changes, weariness ( fatigue ), gut rot, or difficulty eating. Make sure that you understand any home care instructions and know whom to call if you’ve more questions.
Radiation Treatment Side Effects
Complications vary from individual to individual and depend on the radiation dose and the part of the body being dealt with. Some patients have no side-effects at all, while others have a few. There isn’t any way to know who might — or may not — have side-effects. Your general fitness can infrequently affect how your body responds to radiation treatment and whether you have complications. How long do complications last? Radiation treatment side effects could cause early and late complications.
- dry mouth
- stiffness in the jaw
- mouth and gun sores
- tooth decay
- shortness of breath
- shoulder stiffness
- breast or nipple soreness
- cough, fever, and fulness of chest
- radiation fibrosis
- bladder irriatation
- rectal bleeding
- sexual problems
- lowered sperm counts
Early side-effects are the ones that occur during or straight after treatment. They customarily are gone inside a few weeks after being treated ends. Late radiation treatment side effects are the ones that take months or years to develop. They’re frequently permanent. The most typical early complications are fatigue ( feeling beat ) and skin changes.
Other early complications typically are related to the area being treated ,eg baldness and mouth issues when radiation treatment is given to the head. Most complications depart in time. Meanwhile, there are paths to scale back the pain they may cause. If you have got bad side-effects, the doctor may stop your treatments for some time, change the schedule, or change the kind of treatment you are getting.
Tell your physician, nurse, or radiation consultant about any complications you notice so they will help you with them. The data here can function as a guide to handling some complications, nonetheless it can’t replace chatting with your physician or nurse about what has happened to you.
People regularly become discouraged about how long their treatment lasts or the complications they have. If you should happen to feel this way, speak with your GP. If required, your health practitioner will be able to suggest methods to help feel better.