In the wild, you can find mollies throughout North and South America. According to the Flordia Museum of Natural History, male sailfin mollies do not live more than a year after reaching sexual maturity. Sailfin mollies are members of the lower end of the food chain. A tank of at least 30 gallons should be provided Best when fed small meals frequently. Rather than laying eggs, the female will hold them in her belly until the babies are ready to hatch. Overall, mollies are easy-going fish. Instead, they “shimmy” and wiggle in one place. Silvery scales and mesmerizing long fins distinguish the white/silver sailfin molly. The sailfin molly has the standard body shape. As a result, you can find a wide range of colors and species to enjoy. However, Lesueur described other collections of the sailfin molly as Mollienesia multilineata in 1821, the same year in which he described M. latipinna. Mollies have the ability to adapt to a variety of salt levels in the aquarium. Sailfin mollies feed primarily upon algae and other plant materials, although they will consume a number of aquatic invertebrates, including the larvae of mosquitoes. However, many seasoned aquarists enjoy them too! They’re easy to care for and can adapt well to most standard tank setups. While there are several varieties out there, most have a similar shape and body style to the common molly. Mollies do very well with natural decor that mimics the tropical rivers they inhabit in the wild. The sailfin molly is found in freshwater habitats from North Carolina to Texas and the Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico. Although sex ratios of the broods are balanced, adult populations tend to be largely female, as males appear to suffer higher rates of mortality due to a greater susceptibility to predators and disease as a consequence of their brighter colours and a life devoted to frenzied breeding. Maximum lighting also boosts their growth. Temperament / Behavior : Peaceful. In mature males, the dorsal fin is greatly enlarged (it is this feature that gives the species its common name) and the caudal fin is similarly colourful; these conspicuous secondary sexual features play a role in female mate choices. A small group can easily raise ammonia and nitrate levels to unhealthy levels. The pelvic fins originate at a point anterior to the dorsal fin. It’s also important to change 25 to 35 percent of the water weekly to ensure that ammonia and nitrate levels don’t rise. Male and female molly fish are pretty easy to differentiate. When she’s about to give birth, place her in a breeding box. That article talks about guppies and swordtails, but the process is very similar for the babies. Molly Fish are very versatile as they have the unique ability to live in both freshwater and saltwater if acclimated slowly. To breed molly fish, start by setting up a 15-30 gallon tank for them that includes decorations, a substrate, and freshwater plants. However, the dorsal fin is much taller and stretches to the base of the tailfin. The body shape of this fish results in compacted organs. Sailfin molly: 4-6 inches. You can feed the fry infusoria or powdered fish food. Once they get a bit bigger, move onto baby brine shrimp until they can consume standard foods. Oftentimes, it occurs with no intervention from humans. The height of the dorsal fin, measured at the posterior edge, is a bit less than the height of the tail. At the bottom of your tank, add sand or gravel substrate. Other fish that live longer include loaches, such as the clown loach and weather loach , which often live 10 to 15 years. Beyond algae, these fish enjoy blanched vegetables like lettuce, spinach, and zucchini. LIFE HISTORY AND POPULATION BIOLOGY Age, Size, Lifespan: The maximum age and lifespan of P. latipinna is unknown, and growth varies with food availability, environmental conditions and other factors. and the Description of Lecithobotrys sprenti n. sp. This species is listed as "Least Concern" by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).. The pelvic fins originate at a point anterior to the dorsal fin. You’ll learn about their tank setup, food, lifespan, and even breeding tips! Although Sailfin mollies are classed as herbivores, they will accept a treat of blood worms. Mexican sailfin molly: 4-6 inches. . That tank size recommendation is suitable enough for up to four mollies, although a larger tank is always appreciated if you have some extra space. Adding a little aquarium salt will help reproduction. The average molly fish lifespan ranges between three and five years. The latter originally refers to melanistic breeds of Poecilia sphenops. Jul 1, 2017 - Explore Tonya Perry's board "And Mollies" on Pinterest. III. As long as you follow the following established care guidelines, your mollies should thrive! You can find sailfin varieties in many colors (including black). The molly can also benefit from aragonite sand, as it disperses beneficial minerals into the water. Sailfin molly. Make sure the females outnumber the males to keep this behavior to a minimum. Then, she releases fully formed and free-swimming fry into the water! Then, they’ll go off and do their own thing. Avoid any fish that’s known to exhibit aggressive behavior. The head is small and dorsally flattened, with a small, upturned mouth. You have a lot of options if you’re looking to create a multi-species community tank. Low-maintenance fish that look great and put on a show are a great choice for anyone. If you want to maximize the survival rate of the fry, it’s best to breed mollies in a controlled environment. Females tend to be larger and more plainly colored, a different characteristic to the Poeciliidae. They’re peaceful and do well with others. Enjoyable and stress-free fishkeeping is as good as it gets. The body of the sailfin molly is essentially oblong. Life Span: 3–5 years. One thing you will need is a strong filtration system since mollies are big waste producers. The molly fish is easy to breed and care for. Sailfin mollies are a big change from the other varieties. What do Mollies look like? But even though caring for them is straightforward, we always encourage owners to develop a strong knowledge base about this species. These fish get slightly bigger than your average molly, meaning they will need a bigger tank to prevent stress.For sailfin varieties, aim for a tank size of 30 gallons or bigger. Sailfin mollies, and other introduced poeciliids, have been implicated in the decline of native damselflies on Oahu, Hawaii. It’s rare that you will come across a fish store that doesn’t sell mollies – they are one of the most popular freshwater fish. The maximum reported size of the sailfin molly is 12.5 cm (Robins & Ray 1986), although most specimens collected in the IRL are less than 6 cm (Klassen 1998). This will be your lifeline when it comes to understanding the state of your tank at a glance, and making adjustments when necessary. For a larger group, you need to bump up the tank size by at least three gallons of volume per fish. Peaceful by nature, the molly is great for freshwater community tanks. Not big Look for nutritionally balanced products from well-respected brands! The natural lifespan of sailfin mollies is short, particularly in the case of the males, which may live less than a year after achieving sexual maturity. The molly fish breeding process is extremely interesting and fun for those who are interested. These fish are small, only reaching 5 inches, and males have large dorsal fins, wild forms are gray with rows of dark spots. The sailfin molly (Poecilia latipinna) is a species of fish of the genus Poecilia. At one year of age, males typically range in size from 0.5 to 3 in (13 to 76 mm) SL, while mature females are likely to be 0.5 to 2.5 in (13 to 64 mm) inch SL. Several rows of spots occur along the sides, back, and dorsal fin. Mollies don’t display any parental instincts, and most will attempt to eat the babies. Sailfin mollies come in different color varieties but the most common is a silver and black spotted version. They can experience Ich, bacterial infections, flukes, and parasites. It features the same fanned shape as other mollies. Referred to as “Mollies” most commonly. Their name is derived from a previous scientific name – ‘Mollienisia’. Mollies aren’t picky about lighting levels, but you do need lights to keep the plants healthy. It's going to depend on the care they get and the health of the fish you bought. They like warm waters, neutral pH, and hard water. This will more closely replicate their natural diet and allow for a longer lifespan. They are generally found in brackish environments including coastal marshes, streams, swamps and ponds. Then, purchase male and female molly fish so you have no more than 2 fish per 10 gallons of tank space. Caring of sailfish is easy in a way that you provide them with food which contains a large proportion of algae, also provides them with flakes of brine shrimp. Many females also have a visible “gravid” spot, which is where they hold their young during pregnancy.  The maximum recorded size for this species is 150 mm (5.9 in) TL.. You should keep a group of at least four fish at the very least. The average molly fish lifespan is around three to five years. There are a couple of unique ailments you have to watch out for. The body is generally light grey, although breeding males may be greenish-blue. (Trematoda: Haploporidae), International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-2.RLTS.T191748A58335451.en, "Arizona State Aquatic Nuisance Species Management Plan", "Status of the Desert Pupfish, Cypronidon macularius (Baird and Girard), in California", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sailfin_molly&oldid=986183358, Freshwater fish of the Southeastern United States, Articles with dead external links from May 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 October 2020, at 08:57. They typically inhabit slow-moving tropical rivers teeming with vegetation. As hybridization, like in most Poecilia, is easy between these two species and due to the more spectacular appearance of P. latipinna, such sailfin-black molly hybrids, with males' conspicuous, large, yellow-rimmed dorsal fins, are often seen. Even when not pregnant, the belly takes on a round and bulbous shape. Standard lighting is fine. In fact, they’re one of the most popular…, Clown Loaches are one of the most popular freshwater fish in the aquarium scene. It’s a good idea to try and implement it into your fish’s diet every once in a while. These include molly disease and constipation. They should not be stocked with fish that nip at the fins of other fish. The Golden Sailfin Molly is a peaceful and flexible fish species that originates from coastal areas of North America. Males are usually smaller and have a pointy anal fin. The sailfin molly has been introduced to many parts of the United States and other countries around the world for both mosquito control and aquariums. Feeding Silfin Mollies Sailfin Molly fish prefer vegetation to any other type of food but like the occasional mosquito larva. There’s no doubt that you’ve seen a molly fish (Poecilia sphenops) at some point. Fish and Wildlife Service 1983). Mollies spend most of their time in the middle and upper parts of the water column. If you’re looking for something a bit less popular, you’ll probably have to do a little digging (since they might not be at your local fish store). Community Fish Diet: Flake, Frozen, Freeze-dried Maximum size: 3" Water temperature: 72-82° F Swimming level: Middle Experience level: Beginner Tank Setup: 10+ gallons, moderately planted While your goal should be to always provide the best care possible, it’s recommended to understand details about the specific species you own. Here are some solid tank mates choices for the molly fish: Molly fish will also get along with most freshwater aquarium shrimp and snails quite well too. Sailfin mollies are small fish. In addition to their nutritional benefits, live foods provide some much-needed stimulation during feeding time. [permanent dead link]. They will often reach lengths that are closer to five or six inches. Create a separate breeding tank with slightly warmer temperatures up to 78 degrees Fahrenheit. Mollies will accept live or frozen bloodworms, daphnia, and brine shrimp. Eating too much or too fast could result in potentially dangerous constipation, so you must stay on top of their eating habits. Place the pair in the breeding tank and watch the mating ritual! An even larger group is better if possible! These are one of the most beginner-friendly freshwater fish out there. We recommend that all aquarists go out and get a reliable (and accurate) water test kit. The trematode Saccocoelioides sogandaresi is a known parasite of the sailfin molly, as is the ciliated protozoan Ichthyophthirius multifiliis, which causes the disease commonly known as freshwater white spot, freshwater ich, or freshwater ick.. For simplicity, dry commercial flakes and pellets are a good food source to consider as well. If a male spreads his dorsal fins in a display, in this species it forms a trapezoid, with the posterior edge being shortest. The Dalmatian Molly has a black and white body, with a somewhat lyre-shaped caudal fin and is sometimes referred to as the Marbled Molly or Marbled Sailfin Molly. The caudal peduncle is broad and the caudal fin is large, rounded, and sometimes tipped with black. (See: Sexual selection), It is a smaller fish than the Yucatan molly (P. velifera), though that species often does not grow to full length if bred in an aquarium. Healthy adult mollies can give birth to as many as 100 babies at one time! The males will court the females before she allows them to fertilize the eggs. Molly fish mostly consume plant-based foods. Size and Lifespan Mollies will live for between 3 and 5 years and can grow to 5". Their dorsal fin is elongated and looks like the long fin on top of sailfish. Like any other fish, mollies can suffer from disease. Not only that, but they breed a lot! Sailfin Mollies have especially sensitive fins compared to the Short-Finned Molly. Larger fish could bully or even try to eat your molly. Not long, sadly (especially so for the males). Before long, your female will start to balloon in size when pregnant. These fish are part of the Poecilia genus. Also, try to keep similarly-sized fish. These freshwater fish have a wide natural distribution. Dalmation mollies can be standard, lyretail, balloon, or sailfin! Author Note: You’ll encounter a spectrum of interesting-looking mollies in the aquarium trade. Otherwise, hybrids can be bred among themselves, or with a higher rate of success with their parent species. While most are found in rivers, they can also swim into brackish waters or even the open ocean for short periods! Author Note: The only exception for tank size revolves around the sailfin molly. However, the top and bottom have lengthy rays to create a forked appearance. While they’re not considered a great algae-eater, they do like to snack on it frequently. The addition of weekly algae wafers to their diet will help condition the fish. The Sailfin Molly has a long, tall dorsal fin that runs almost the entire length of the fish’s back. Molly disease, also known as the “shimmies” is something to be aware of. The majority of goldfish are not properly cared for and as a result, live only a few years. Sailfin Molly is a cute fish, doesn’t demand any special care. In mature males, the dorsal fin is greatly enlarged (it is this feature that gives the species its common name) and the caudal fin is similarly colourful; these conspicuous secondary sexual features play a role in female mate choices. In 1959, the ICZN placed precedence on the name Mollienesia latipinna Lesueur 1821. Most molly fish can live happily in a tank size as small as 10 gallons. Nonindigenous populations are established in New Zealand, in the western U.S., and Hawaii. The sailfin molly was originally described in 1821 as Mollienesia latipinna by the naturalist Charles Alexandre Lesueur, who based his description upon specimens from freshwater ponds in the vicinity of New Orleans, Louisiana. The male molly is more aggressive than the females. That said, there are differences in life expectancy between the various molly fish breeds, however, on average, molly fish live 3-5 years. Marbled Sailfin Molly; General. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. These fish will group up to explore the tank and swim around as one unit. The anal fin of the female is broad and fanned. Midnight mollies actually originated from hybrids between that and the present species. Rarely mollies live longer and grow bigger. Contrary to the belief of some, you don’t need salt in the water to keep these fish healthy. As long as the other tank mates are peaceful, mollies won’t have any problems living with them. As you can guess, these mollies are covered in black! The front half of its body is a vibrant yellow, and the lower half is pure black. Sailfin molly, Breitflossenkärpfling (German), bubuntis (Tagalog), Molinezja szerokopletwa (Polish), molliénésie á voilure (French), and tabai (Hawaiian). Common varieties can be found for $2-$4 per fish, though rarer species cost more. Millie is a passionate aquarist who caught the fishkeeping bug in high school and has been addicted ever since. The sailfin molly, in its many color varieties, is of considerable interest and value to aquarists, and many artificially selected varieties are produced and sold in pet shops. The occasional high-protein snack is appreciated, too. Over time we’ll be adding more species-specific care guides to our site. The sailfin molly is also commonly sold in aquarium stores under the name "molly". Since their introduction to the world of fishkeeping, mollies have been cross-bred a lot! White/silver sailfin molly Photo Credits: aquatic-village.com. No parental care is exhibited by this species. Additional internal or external sponge filters are great, too. To increase their life expectancy they should be in a slight brackish environment. Often sold for a few bucks each, they’re the perfect species for beginners. Author Note: The only time you might see aggression is if you keep males. Author Note: The best way to avoid disease is to monitor water conditions. Due to genomic recombination, F1 hybrids often display novel and bizarre fin shapes. Life Span : 3 - 5 years. Author Note: Some species of mollies are more susceptible to bad water conditions than others, leading to a much shorter lifespan. This will help you keep them happy, healthy, and save you time in the long run. The quality of care you provide will also impact their lifespan significantly. While most names that contain a "sail" element refer to the present species, the German Segelkärpfling, the Latin velifera, and possibly others are used for the Yucatan molly. Molly fish are a staple of freshwater fishkeeping, and have been popular among aquarists for quite a while! Mollies have the ability to adapt to a variety of salt levels in the aquarium. 30 day gestation. The head is small and dorsally flattened, with a small, upturned mouth. On the other end, the body tapers slightly towards the base of the fan-shaped tail. Sailfin varieties can get even bigger. The habitat of mollies in the wild can vary quite a bit. They’re found in tanks…, The 15 Best Types Of Freshwater Aquarium Catfish, Clown Loach Care: Tank Size, Food, Lifespan, Tank Mates…, Malaysian Trumpet Snail 101: Detailed Info & Care Tips, Bucktooth Tetra 101: Care, Feeding, Aggression, & More, Glowlight Tetra 101: Care, Tank Mates, Breeding & More, Lemon Tetra Care: Diet, Tank Mates, Size, Behavior…. Sailfin Molly, Poecilia latipinna, is native to coastal lowlands from North Carolina to Vera Cruz, Mexico, but has been introduced to many countries with “adverse ecological impacts” reported. Habitat: Brackish and fresh water. The caudal peduncle is broad and the caudal fin is large, rounded, and sometimes tipped with black. Author Note: Generally, sand substrates are best if you want plants. Females te… Females are usually larger than males. See more ideas about Molly fish, Aquarium fish, Fish tank. With the disease, the molly fish is unable to swim properly. The greater the population, the smaller the average size of males. With the exception of the Endler’s livebearer and the guppy, every fish in this genus is a molly! An entirely melanistic form exists called the midnight molly, or nondescriptly, "black molly". Mollies get along with just about anything! Learn more. The females from this species are larger and heavier than the males. Molly Picture Gallery Above, a young mature male Silver Sailfin Molly. If kept in a healthy environment, a group of mollies will thrive and can live up to 5 years. These fish are known for their low-maintenance care requirements and wide selection of possible species to choose from. They typically reach sexual maturity within a year. Read the breeding guppies article for more information. It occurs when the water parameters are not stable. Naturally occurring populations control mosquito populations by feeding on the larvae and pupae of these pests. Specific examples include: giant water bugs (Belostomatidae), largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides), American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis), bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana), snowy egret (Egretta thula), and raccoon (Procyon lotor). Breeding : These are livebearers so it is fairly easy. You might see some splashes of yellow or orange on the fins, but most of the body is pure black. Below are just a few of the more popular ones. So if you’re looking for information on specific types of molly fish, check back soon! This length is rather manageable, and allows them to be kept in reasonably small aquariums. Constipation is a problem that affects balloon mollies. Very popular in fish stores, the Dalmation molly is covered with a base color of white. Plus, they can develop algae for your mollies to snack on. Males can harass females, but this behavior only gets worse if the conditions are right for breeding.While this behavior isn’t particularly violent, it can cause stress in females. There are many different types of aquarium catfish out there. Its shape, color, and large sail-like dorsal fins on the males make it difficult to distinguish from the Sailfin Molly, but the Mexical Sailfin Molly's fins differ slightly, having small … Common Name- The Giant Sailfin Molly Water Conditions- Good filtration, 73-80 temp, pH 7.5- 8.5 Water Changes of a least 50% a week Behavior- A well behaved community species. Many aquarists notice the disease with extreme temperature changes or ammonia spikes. They inhabit fresh, brackish, salt, and coastal waters from North Carolina to Texas and the Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico. The gold doubloon molly is another frequently purchased species. The sailfin mollie is arguably one of the most exotic fish available of any genus. These fish are livebearers. They don’t require a lot of work to keep healthy, making them a great choice for anyone interested in getting started with fishkeeping. Wild mollies prefer to live in tropical water and can be found in streams and marshes from Texas to North Carolina to Central America. The quality of care you provide will also impact their lifespan significantly. Exact water parameters may vary based on the species you get, but here are some good baselines that will work for most mollies. Sailfin mollies produce broods of 10-140 live young, depending on maturity and size, and females may store sperm long after the demise of their relatively short-lived mates. The Dalmatian Lyretail Molly is a hybrid color variation of Poecilia latipinna, the Sailfin Molly. Depending upon environmental conditions, sailfin mollies may become reproductive in less than a year. The male Sailfin Molly fish life expectancy are about one year and the female’s approximately 3 years. The Dalmatian Molly is a hybrid color variation of Poecilia latipinna, the Sailfin Molly. When most people think of molly fish, they picture the common molly. Preferring marshes, lowland streams, swamps, and estuaries, the sailfin molly is very common in peninsular Florida. Some confusion occurs with the Yucatan molly, P. velifera. (2006). They do just fine living in pure freshwater environments their entire lives. The body of the sailfin molly is essentially oblong. A euryhaline species, the sailfin molly may be found in a variety of saline environments, tolerating salinities as high as 87 ppt and breeding in brackish waters. You must feed your sailfin fish two to … Like the sailfin, different colors of balloon mollies are available. Sigler and Sigler (1987) stated that the Sailfin Molly has probably impacted native species adversely. As a whole, mollies are very adaptable. While they aren’t the longest-living freshwater species out there, there is some wiggle room depending on what species you get. Four to four and a half inches is the normal size range of a full-grown molly. Sailfin mollies are most commonly observed at the shallow surface waters along the edges of marshes, lowland streams, ponds, swamps, estuaries and even ephemeral water bodies such as roadside ditches. This conflict created confusion and eventually necessitated a ruling by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN). The dorsal fins are the most distinctive character: Those of the sailfin molly have less than 15 fin rays, counting where the fin meets the back, whereas the Yucatan molly has 18-19 (intermediate numbers may indicate hybrids). You really have plenty of options! Wide at the mid-section, the body tapers down to a narrow point at the snout. The gestation period for this species is about three to four weeks, depending upon temperature, and a single female may give birth on multiple occasions throughout the year. Wild sailfin mollies are also bred as feeder fish for larger carnivorous fish, though usually guppies are used for that. They often have a somewhat decreased lifespan, but not as much (in healthy fish) as the deformed "balloon" molly breeds of P. sphenops. It’s good to provide taller plants like Anubias as well as shorter varieties like Java fern. Final Environmental Impact Statement, Wetland Assessment for the F- and H-Area Groundwater Remediation Project at the Savannah River Site (March 2004), Life History of Saccocoelioides pearsoni n. sp. Molly fish care is really a piece of cake. Mollies were first introduced to the hobby in 1899 and different varieties started appearing in 1920s. Mollies are one of the most popular freshwater species in the aquarium trade. You can find them using their lips to scrape it off rocks, wood, and glass. Some names for the sailfin molly in other languages include Breitflossenkärpfling (German), seilfinnemolly (Norwegian), zeilvinkarper (Dutch), leveäevämolli (Finnish), molinezja szerokopłetwa (Polish), bubuntis (Tagalog), and molliénésie á voilure or simply "molly voile" (French). Impact of Introduction: The Sailfin Molly is responsible for the decline of the desert pupfish Cyprinodon macularius. Beyond those two issues, mollies can also suffer from common freshwater diseases. Oh yeah, we also list the most common types of mollies for you to consider as well. This means adding plenty of plants and lots of places to seek shelter. The good news is that most fish heal up quickly once conditions are fixed. They are great … Molly fish care is something that pretty much anyone can do.