He gave the term ‘collapse’ to the phenomenon and published his liquid-tension theory. It is prone to surface checking and requires careful drying and storage because of collapse. Pin-hole borer holes and the associated black stains of 'pencil streak' are often present, giving timber a speckled appearance. The test material came from a stand planted in 1961 in New Zealand. Eucalyptus Timber 101. nitens and published the description in Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales. Branch retention creates a high incidence of features in milled timber for that reason. The heartwood is a straw colour bursting with pink and yellow tints. The juvenile leaves have a pleasant fruity smell. Brooker, M. I. H. & Kleinig, D. A. Timber from shining gum has a wide range of uses, from pulp to sawn products. Full Article. Eucalyptus nitens is a cold hardy and fast growing hardwood timber species with excellent form. Shining gum timber exhibits some interesting colours making it an appealing product for furniture making. The native hardwood, shining gum, produces timber used predominantly in construction and furniture making. Eucalyptus nitens is grown as a commercial plantation species in cool temperate regions around the world, including Tasmania, New Zealand, South Africa and Chile. Eucalyptus goniocalyx var. Sold Out. Shining gum is difficult to dry with moderate shrinkage and a high cell collapse necessitating reconditioning. Eucalyptus hardwood decking timber offers the credentials needed to perform in New Zealand’s harsh climatic environments. [16] Furthermore, although the Australian Story programs implied that Eucalyptus nitens plantations were the source of the toxins (which initiated widespread claims that such plantations represented 'toxic plantations' or 'poisonous plantations'), foam samples from native forest catchments devoid of both plantations and Eucalyptus nitens had previously been found to be similarly toxic. ©CSIRO Forestry and Forest Products [10][11] The specific epithet (nitens) is a Latin word meaning "shining", referring to the leaves, flower buds, fruit and bark of this species. The green density of the timber is 1050 kg/m3 and air-dry density at 12% moisture is about 700 kg/m3. Some eucalyptus trees live up to 1,000 years! Macrocarpa beams. White flowers from May-September are attractive to birds and bees. Radio Frequency Vacuum Drying of Eucalyptus nitens Juvenile Wood Rubén A. Ananías, a, * Víctor Sepúlveda-Villarroel, b Natalia Pérez-Peña, b José Torres-Mella, b Linette Salvo-Sepúlveda, a Darwin Castillo-Ulloa, b and Carlos Salinas-Lira c Wood drying is an important process for adding value and manufacturing innovative products. © 2020 Forest and Wood Products Australia Ltd. WoodSolutions is an industry initiative designed to provide independent, non-proprietary information about timber and wood products to professionals and companies involved in project development and design and construction in the built environment. The warmth, strength and natural beauty of timber flooring has proved enduringly popular in a wide variety of interior settings. It is a good quality pulping species, although the wood is of slightly lower density than Tasmanian blue gum and therefore gives lower pulp yields. The study was undertaken on an E. nitens progeny trial. 2007) planted trees at 45 cm in April 2002. Timber joinery products offer a classic, unique and stylish touch to any interior or exterior design. Eucalyptus nitens, shining gum Conditions: dry-moist soils (not wet), will tolerate humidity, frost, cold temperatures ... Good quality timber, very hardy. The texture is moderately coarse. It grows in wet forests and rainforest margins on fertile soils in cool, high-rainfall areas. ... Well-proven shelter and fuelwood tree with great cool-climate timber potential. The total area of non-durable eucalypts is around 23,000 hectares. Shining Gum (Eucalyptus nitens) The timber of shining gum, as its name implies, has lustrous qualities. Eucalyptus Nitens solid timber; T G and V, or T & G in lengths up to 2.5m, standard width 83mm; For walls and ceilings as panelling; Floors as T & G or parquet; Architraves and mouldings to order; Natural colour is warm blonde, can be coloured or bleached; Ask us about matching your floorboards and skirtings for renovations and extensions. Rare and exotic species such as Teak and Rosewood can generate pieces of outstanding beauty but material cost and availability are also important considerations. Half the timescale of Ash. The timber of shining gum, as its name implies, has lustrous qualities. Grant aid is available for planting Nitens, though only within 50 km of the coast. According to the research I have done, expect to start harvesting firewood in about 7 to 10 years. The general workability of shining gum timber is good, as it is not an extremely dense or hard timber. 2006: Field Guide to Eucalypts, Volume 1 South-eastern Australia. In this study, the physical and mechanical properties of lumber from a 16-year-old pulpwood Eucalyptus nitens H.Deane & Maiden resource from the northeast of Tasmania, Australia was evaluated. [2], Eucalyptus nitens occurs in Victoria on ranges east and north-east of Melbourne at high altitudes on the east of the Great Dividing Range from the Blue Range, Mt Monda and Mt Torbreck eastwards. Shining gum timber is commercially available in NSW and Victoria. The heartwood of shining gum is not sufficiently durable for external use (class 4). Its smooth white or greyish bark is shed in long ribbons. The rebuttal of the George River Water's Panels deliberations on the scientists research and findings (NIWA's scientist, Dr Chris Hickey) sent to the ABC in July 2010 was posted on the ABC website at the time of the ABC's managing director's statement in June 2011. The stand was thinned at age 20 yr from 1100 to 300 stems/ha. [8][9] In 1913, Maiden raised the variety to species status as E. nitens, publishing the change in his book, A Critical Revision of the Genus Eucalyptus. The pale wood of young trees means the timber can be interchanged with mountain ash. Shining gum trees can reach … Eucalyptus nitens is a tree that typically grows to a height of 70 m (230 ft), sometimes to 90 m (300 ft) in Victoria, and does not form a lignotuber. From $ 4.00. Ideal for flooring-type uses, and has excellent pulping and bio-energy potential. The timber is usually straight grained with a small percentage showing some interlocking grain. The business aims to be the supplier of choice for certified plantation forest products, specialising in the export of hardwood chip from Australian plantations. John Fairweather - the man with Ironbark Display office Eucalyptus nitens table Timber samples Yard: 162 Harleston Road, Sefton, North Canterbury. It gets its name nitens (meaning shining) from the distinct glossy fruits, which have a varnished appearance, as well as the leaves, buds and bark, which can also appear to shine. Mature buds are oval or cylindrical, 6–7 mm (0.24–0.28 in) long and 3–4 mm (0.12–0.16 in) wide with a conical operculum that is the same width as the floral cup but shorter than it. The flower buds are arranged in leaf axils in groups of seven on an unbranched peduncle 5–15 mm (0.20–0.59 in) long, the individual buds sessile. Eucalyptus oil, which is extracted from the leaves of eucalypts, is known to be toxic and have antiseptic properties. In Canterbury, along with other cooler regions in New Zealand, E. nitens produces high volumes of sawlog sized stems in relatively short rotations. Eucalyptus nitens - Shining Gum - A very fast growing Eucalyptus making an excellent choice for coppicing, firewood and timber. This study aimed to determine the potential for genetic improvement of traits affecting green sawn board recovery in plantation-grown E. nitens. The Properties of Eucalyptus Wood. A large number of specialist suppliers and producers offer the consumer extensive choice of profiles for all of the most common and popular joinery products. Eucalyptus nitens is grown as a commercial plantation species in cool temperate regions around the world, including Tasmania, New Zealand, South Africa and Chile. Timber is used for general building construction, flooring, joinery, panelling, furniture and pulp, and the species at times produces a honey flow. Eucalypts are exceptionally fast-growing, with timber grown in New Zealand to 30 years age similar to much older material from Australia. Red eucalypt timbers (Mahoganies) Eucalyptus saligna and E. botryoides are red-coloured eucalypt timber species commonly grown in New Zealand. Eucalyptus Wood And Timber Tree Plantations. Bloomings Books, Melbourne, Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, "Observation on the eucalypts of New South Wales, Part V", "Australian Story :: Something In The Water - Part 2", "Australian Story :: Something In The Water - Part 1", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eucalyptus_nitens&oldid=984066714, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 October 2020, at 23:44. Eucalyptus Nitens € 3.35 Select ... though it was quickly established that Eucalyptus would never produce viable construction timber. Tolerates most soils except extremely wet or dry. Thousands of plants available to purchase online. There is increasing interest in managing Eucalyptus nitens plantations for sawn timber production. A lot of people like Eucalyptus nitens but I find it usually grows too fast so it blows down easily. The heartwood colour ranges from dark pink to reddish brown. Eucalyptus furniture. The tests were conducted on 318 small wood samples obtained from different logs harvested from the study site. In Tasmania Eucalyptus nitens is one of the most important plantation tree species along with Eucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum) and Pinus radiata (Monterey pine). Eucalyptus nitens is widely planted for pulpwood, and increasingly also for solid-wood timber products, in cool-temperate climates. Growth rings are also a prominent feature of this timber. 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Eucalyptus nitens. Harry D. Tiemann, the American timber expert, was the first to examine in detail the excessive shrinkage in eucalyptus and point out its distinction from normal shrinkage (Tiemann 1913, 1915). [2][3][4][5][6][7], Shining gum was first formally described in 1899 by Henry Deane and Joseph Maiden, who gave it the name Eucalyptus goniocalyx var. nitens H.Deane & Maiden. Very fast-growing. The timber is mainly used in general construction but is beginning to be used in furniture where the discolourations may be a feature.[13]. The products are produced for a variety of internal applications including door and window frames, cabinetry, skirtings, mouldings and architraves. It has smooth white, grey or yellow bark, often with persistent, rough, fibrous or flaky greyish bark near the base. Shining gum is not particularly durable (class 4) and is not recommended for external use, especially not in-ground. [15] However, studies commissioned by the Tasmanian Department of Health and Human Services found no reliable evidence that people who source water from this river are less healthy than people living elsewhere. It has f laky white/grey or yellow bark shedding in long ribbons with a smooth under layer. Adult leaves are lance-shaped to curved, glossy green, sometimes slightly paler on the lower surface, 100–300 mm (3.9–11.8 in) long and 15–40 mm (0.59–1.57 in) wide, tapering to a petiole 10–40 mm (0.39–1.57 in) long. Most of the harvestable timber available at present is located in the Central North Island, although small quantities are also becoming available in … The primary species is Eucalyptus nitens. Some farm foresters have even pruned their trees in anticipation of sawn timber production. ... Eucalyptus nitens belongs in Eucalyptus subgenus Symphyomyrtus section Maidenaria, a large group of species … White washed Eucalyptus floor. [17], The claims and all available scientific data relating to the issue were reviewed by an Environment Protection Authority appointed group (established by Premier Bartlett) of eminent scientists from the University of Tasmania, Griffith University, Monash University and CSIRO in the first half of 2010. Like joinery, cabinetry is generally specified as either paint or clear finish grade and naturally for clear finish grade timbers, appearance and surface finish are critical in achieving a successful application. More recently varieties such as Gunnii and Cinerea have been grown commercially for floral foliage. Cabinetry is often associated with joinery and most typically includes, cupboards, benches and other similar ‘built in' furniture. ... Eucalyptus nitens. [17] These natural toxins are highly concentrated (approximately 1400 fold) in river foam. Choice is in many cases, limited only by imagination. Dept of Agriculture Forest Service. High density planting forces rapid terminal top growth and natural in-field branch pruning. [12], In Tasmania Eucalyptus nitens is one of the most important plantation tree species along with Eucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum) and Pinus radiata (Monterey pine). When plantation grown, it has the potential to produce sawlogs of select grade material if pruned. Stand: Stand of E. nitens. Eucalyptus fastigata; E. nitens; E. regnans. Shining gum is not self-pruning. It is suitable for general building, flooring, joinery, paneling, furniture and framing. Flowering occurs from January to March and the flowers are white. New Forests Timber Products is the timber sales agent for New Forests’ Australian hardwood estate. Shining gum is prevalent in the mountain areas of east Gippsland and south-eastern NSW as well as the northern tablelands of NSW to an altitude of 1600m. [17] It was conclusively found by them that the water quality of the George River is of excellent standard, the cancer rates within the catchment are no higher than the Tasmanian average, and that any concern raised regarding the toxins in water foam was largely due to erroneous sampling techniques in the aforementioned toxicological studies. The wood is not as hard as blue gum, being moderately hard at 5.8 kN when dry. It is a popular plantation timber as it can be extremely quick growing. Both it and Eucalyptus ovata, the swamp gum, grow in quite moist soil (but not West Coast pakihi) and tolerate a -8°C frost, and while their firewood is good, the timber isn’t, and E. nitens … Timber flooring is typically supplied as either solid timber or laminated wood products, made from layers of bonded timber. Toxicological studies (in six laboratories) reported on the Australian Broadcasting Corporation's Australian Story program Feb 2010[14][15] found that the surface scum (foam) collected from a river supplying water to a Tasmanian town kills water fleas, mollusc larvae and human cell lines, and it was reported on the same program that "a large increase in cancer sufferers and a lot of people with rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, lupus" might have the same cause. [19] The filter was not removed after the review panel published its report.[17]. Eucalyptus are however especially suitable for biomass and firewood. New Forests Timber Products is a member of the New Forests Group and operates across the Asia-Pacific region with primary exports from the Australian ports of Burnie, Launceston, and Hobart in Tasmania, Portland in Victoria, and Albany in Western Australia, … Shining gum trees can reach heights of 70m, and diameters of 1-2m at chest height. The fruit is a woody cylindrical, cup-shaped or barrel-shaped capsule 4–7 mm (0.16–0.28 in) long and wide with the valves near rim level. Great shelter and firewood. Many timber species are suitable for joinery products and care should be taken in selecting the perfect timber for the particular product and its intended finish. Victoria, Australia. It is also found on the high tablelands and mountains of southern New South Wales. Young plants have sessile leaves arranged in opposite pairs, lance-shaped to egg-shaped or heart-shaped, 65–110 mm (2.6–4.3 in) long and 28–55 mm (1.1–2.2 in) wide with stem-clasping bases. Eucalyptus grandis, commonly known as the flooded gum or rose gum, is a tall tree with smooth bark, rough at the base fibrous or flaky, grey to grey-brown.At maturity, it reaches 50 metres (160 feet) tall, though the largest specimens can exceed 80 metres (260 feet) tall. This thesis investigated the potential of tree breeding to improve the properties of E. nitens grown for sawn boards, pulpwood and veneer products. As a plantation managed timber subject to advanced silvicultural and milling methods, shining gum is gaining in popularity. It has smooth greyish bark, sometimes with thin, rough bark near the base, lance-shaped adult leaves, flower buds in groups of seven or nine, white flowers and cup-shaped, barrel-shaped or cylindrical fruit.

eucalyptus nitens timber

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