1. 1 At that time Jesus went on the Sabbath through the grainfields, and His disciples became hungry and began to pick the heads of grain and eat. And David said to Ahimelech, "And have you here a spear or a sword at hand? "[17], "Is not this David the king of the land?" A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Samuel. "The king has charged me with a matter" (1 Samuel 21:2). Those could have been let down by Michal as easily as she let down David outside the city wall. Hither David resorted, for a supply of his necessities, which he supposed he might receive here, without danger of being betrayed into Saul's hands: and principally, that in this great distress, he might receive comfort and counsel from the Lord. The more simply we depend on God, and obey him, the more comfortably and surely we shall walk through this troublesome world. David intended to ask Achish for permission to dwell in Gath, probably having good reason to suppose that Achish would have honored his request. "Doeg the Edomite" (1 Samuel 21:7). give [me] five [loaves of] bread in mine hand, or what … Such is a worthless rearrangement. 21 Then came David to Nob to Ahimelech the priest: and Ahimelech was afraid at the meeting of David, and said unto him, Why art thou alone, and no man with thee? God's persecuted people have often found better usage from Philistines than from Israelites. 1 Samuel 21 - Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Bible . Copyright StatementJames Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). David kind of figured this would be a problem down the road. And the priest said, "The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom you killed in the valley of Elah, behold, it is here wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod; if you will take that, take it, for there is none but that here." The superscriptions of Psalms 34; Psalms 52; and Psalms 56 are founded upon events in this chapter. Samuel and the Sons of Belial (1 Samuel 2:11-36) 4. [You know David was a captain over a thousand men, "Where"s your-where are your troops?"] Eli the priest led him. David probably hoped that he could dwell incognito among the Philistines; but the king's servants instantly recognized him. For I have brought neither my sword nor my weapons with me, because the king's business required haste." "[9], "Now a certain man of the servants of Saul was there that day, detained before the Lord; he was Doeg the Edomite, the chief of Saul's herdsmen. © 2020 Christianity.com. And that man was wont to go up from his city from appointed time to appointed time, to prostrate … 1 Samuel 8:19 - Nevertheless the people refused to obey the voice of Samuel; and they said, Nay; but we will have a king over us; 1 Samuel 8:20 - That we also may be like all the nations; and that our king may judge us, and go out before us, and fight our battles. "[7] (2) Young writes that, "It is possible that Ahimelech's son Abiathar might have acted as coadjutor to his father as did the sons of Eli (1 Samuel 4:4). Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. Make haste; stay not." (1 Samuel 21:11). 1 Samuel 21. View 1 Samuel . What shall we say to this? "Ahimelech was the son of Ahitub, either a brother of Ahijah, or Ahijah himself. Ahitub was a brother of Ichabod, making Ahimelech a great grandson of Eli. Then said Achish to his servants, "Lo, you see the man is mad; why then have you brought him to me? . More than 60 years may have passed since the death of Eli, Israel’s chief priest (4:18). Doeg would certainly have notified Saul of David's presence there. This is a disputed text, but David may have meant here that, "Even if the bread were common bread, it would become consecrated by the consecrated vessel in which he proposed to carry it. The only scrap of truth in what he said regarded the fact that he seems to have had a number of men with him; and even that is not evident from this account. Psalm 56 describes David’s journey from fear to praising as a prisoner in Gath. "How much more today will their vessels be holy" (1 Samuel 21:5). It is written, not for us to do the like, no, not in the greatest straits, but for our warning. Critical commentators waste much of their energies questioning the chronological arrangement of the various episodes from the life of David that are recorded in First Samuel, overlooking the important fact that the inspired author of this Biblical document does not claim that he has set down all of these incidents in the chronological order of their occurrence. AT GATH HE FEIGNS HIMSELF MAD. The International Critical Commentary interpretation here is that the words "from Saul" in this passage mean that, "He went directly to Achish from the presence of Saul. We must choose God's best or our own way. 1 Samuel 21-22 lesson by Dr. Bob Utley, retired professor of hermeneutics (Bible interpretation). (1) Keil supposed that, "The error was due to a lapse of memory in which Ahimelech was confounded with Abiathar. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 21:1-9 David, in distress, fled to the tabernacle of God. We can choose for ourselves; but we may well tremble at the consequences. Was afraid— Suspecting some extraordinary cause o… Much of what David said here was an outright falsehood. It is great comfort in a day of trouble, that we have a God to go to, to whom we may open our cases, and from whom we may ask and expect direction. 1 Samuel 22 Chapter 21 David has now quite taken leave both of Saul’s court and of his camp, has bidden farewell to his alter idem—his other self, the beloved Jonathan; and henceforward to the end of this book he is looked upon and treated as an outlaw and proclaimed a traitor. Some were concealed, such as offering David one of his daughters in marriage (which required David to act valiantly in war to prove his worthiness as a husband – 18:17-29). 1 Samuel Images and Notes. . 1983-1999. David, in distress, fled to the tabernacle of God. 1 Samuel 21 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. It is great comfort in a day of trouble, that we have a God to go to, to whom we may open our cases, and from whom we may ask and expect direction. . Psalm 56 describes David’s journey from fear to praising as a prisoner in Gath. v1 The boy Samuel served the *Lord. And David said to Ahimelech the priest, "The king has charged me with a matter, and said to me, `Let no one know anything of the matter about which I send you, and with which I have charged you. to Achish the king of Gath--which was one of the five principalities of the Philistines. During those years, the chief priests lost much of their authority and their wealth. David with Ahimelech. David thought he could find anonymity or sympathy among the ungodly Philistines in Gath, but he was wrong. This is a reference to the Showbread, or the bread of the Presence as prescribed in the Mosaic Law (Exodus 24:5-9). Apparently, although 1 Samuel 21 doesn’t detail it, the Philistines captured David when he came to Gath. "[11] Payne thought that, "Doeg was unclean that day, and waiting to perform some religious obligation the next day. We appreciate the words of Keil regarding this chapter to the effect that, "It removes the objections raised by critics to the historical credibility of the narrative before US. "These words are an idiom meaning, `To be allowed to dwell in one's city or country. And herein he showed great sagacity and penetration. On that night with Michal, David had all night until the next morning to have prepared for such a journey; and presumably from his own home would have been able not only to carry his sword, but also any provisions he wished to take. David . Unlike today, when the average child costs about $227,000 to raise, in a … Continue reading "Commentary on 1 Samuel 1:9-11, 19-20; 2:1-10" ... 21 1 Then David came to v Nob, to w Ahimelech the priest. If many come in simplicity of heart to serve their God, others come to observe their teachers and to prove accusers. Bible commentary on the Book of 1 Samuel, chapter 21, by Dr. Bob Utley, retired professor of hermeneutics. Ahimelech, the chief priest 1 Samuel 21:1. Perhaps he had made an appointment to meet them at some particular place as soon as he tested his chances of operating in Gath. The two episodes recorded in this chapter are quite logically arranged exactly where they occur in our text. And Ahimelech was afraid when he met David, and said to him, "Why are you alone, and no one is with you?" The recognition of David by the Philistines, and their reference to him as "the king of the land" is not, as some critics declare, the result of some naive `editor' putting an inaccurate historical statement into the Bible. Therefore, it is just as logical to place the journey to Nob after 1 Samuel 20 as it is to place it after 1 Samuel 19. The High Priest here agreed to bend the rules in order to aid the king's son-in-law. Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. A. David meets Ahimelech the priest at Nob. When his life stood in jeopardy, David went (1) first to Samuel; (2) then to his beloved Jonathan the prince; when neither of these could provide safety for him, what could have been more logical than (3) his going to see the High Priest in the tabernacle of the Lord at Nob. "[15] This fact also supports the figures given in the Bible for the weight of Goliath's armour, figures which were dismissed by one `scholar' as `pure guesswork.' But Hannah did not go up, for she said to her husband, “ Not until the child is weaned; then I will take him, that he may appear before the LORD and remain there forever.” Doeg was an Edomite, and the descendants of Esau were a continual thorn in Israel's flesh. The Rise of Samuel and the Fall of Eli and Sons (1 Samuel 3:1-4:22) Resources » Commentaries » 1 Samuel » Chapter 21 » exegesis. First Samuel begins with an account of Hannah, the wife of Elkanah. Verses 1-15 Chapter21 So David now fled to Nob to Ahimelech who was the priest: and Ahimelech was afraid at the meeting of David, and said to him, Why are you alone, why aren"t there men with you? One of the town's leading sinners (then getting somewhat advanced in years) went up to be saved; and one of his neighbors said, "Jackson, you ain't quit your sins; your sins have quit you"! Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, "No common bread ... but there is holy bread", "If only the young men have kept themselves from women", "How much more today will their vessels be holy", "The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom you killed in the valley of Eiah", "It is here wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod", "And David arose and fled that day from Saul", "Is not this David the king of the land? Recorded at the Bible Lessons International studio. "Then came David to Nob to Ahimelech the priest; and Ahimelech came to meet David trembling, and said to him, "Why are you alone, and no one with you"? Introduction to 1 Samuel; 2. (10-15). ", "So he changed his behavior ... and feigned madness", Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. The Scripture does not conceal it, and we dare not justify it; it was ill done, and proved of bad consequence; for it occasioned the death of the priests of the Lord. Besides that, Jonathan had specifically warned David in the preceding chapter, "Hurry! The Bible records it, but we dare not justify it. God revisited Shiloh! (21-23) Hannah keeps the child until he is weaned. Eighty-five priests lived at Nob, serving the tabernacle which had been set up there following the Philistine's destruction of Shiloh. We are not told here where David's men were who accompanied him to Nob. And David answered the priest, "Of a truth, women have been kept from us as always when I go on an expedition; the vessels of the young men are holy, even when it is a common journey; how much more today will their vessels be holy"? Had he trusted God aright, he would not have used such a sorry, sinful shift for his own preservation. ... 21:1 "Nob" This (BDB 611) became the site of YHWH's tabernacle after the destruction of Shiloh. However, the soldiers of Achish recognized David, arrested him and would most certainly have opposed any inclination of Achish to grant political asylum to David. David, in distress, fled to the tabernacle of God. All Rights Reserved. This reminds us of what happened once in a big tent revival. Now therefore what is under thine hand? The Son and the Psalm of Hannah (1 Samuel 1:1-2:10) 3. "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". David's reply here has an element of humor in it. Now the man Elkanah and all his house went up to offer to the LORD the yearly sacrifice and his vow. "The Lord continued to appear at Shiloh" (1 Samuel 3:21). 1-samuel 21:1 Then came David to Nob to Ahimelech the priest: and Ahimelech was afraid at the meeting of David, and said unto him, Why art thou alone, and no man with thee? Cancel any time. This evil character is mentioned here for two reasons. Only God and the event can distinguish between a David and a Doeg, when both are in the tabernacle. 1 Samuel: Bible Study and Commentary. "[8] This habit of turning things over to the sons was well established in Eli's family; and therefore we like Young's explanation as the better one. We are free human agents. How great danger he was in, appears plainly from the 34th and 56th Psalms, which he composed upon this occasion. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? 1 Samuel 21:10-15. 1 Samuel Chapter 21 Summary Things seemed okay until one little problem popped up on the screen. "It is here wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod" (1 Samuel 21:9). "[10] The usual explanation of this, however, is that of Porter, "It is generally assumed that Doeg was detained in the sanctuary under some priestly discipline. "[16] To which it must be replied that these words mean no such thing. This, of course gave him the opportunity to escape and keep the rendezvous with his men. (1Sa 21:1-2) David, fleeing from Saul, comes to the city of Nob. His conduct was degrading, and discovered wavering in his faith and courage. "It is not impossible that Doeg was detained in the sanctuary for some crime. 1 Samuel 21:9 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 1 Samuel 21:9, NIV: "The priest replied, 'The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom you killed in the Valley of Elah, is here; it is wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod.If you want it, take it; there is no sword here but that one.' As Willis explained, "The servants of Achish recognized David and assumed that he was king of Israel on the basis of that song sung by the women of Israel (1 Samuel 18:7). Give me five loaves of bread, or whatever is here." I have made an appointment with the young men for such and such a place. "The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom you killed in the valley of Eiah" (1 Samuel 21:9). "[13] It could be that the enforcement upon Doeg of some disciplinary action resulted in the hatred that must have entered into his heartless slaughter of that whole priestly community. Mark 2:26 speaks of Abiathar as the officiating priest in this episode; and two explanations are offered. The story of Samuel’s call is full of important details that are pregnant with meaning, right from the opening verses which set the stage (verses 1-3). Anointed and Alone 1 Samuel 21:1-13/ Psalms 56:1-13 The Bible never flatters its heroes. DAVID'S IMMEDIATE FLIGHT TO ACHISH; KING OF GATH. give me five loaves of bread in mine hand, or what there … The Books of Samuel. Apparently, although 1 Samuel 21 doesn’t detail it, the Philistines captured David when he came to Gath. David told Ahimelech a gross untruth. Sign up for an account to try it FREE for 30 days. Bibliography InformationCoffman, James Burton. Useful Bible Studies > 1 Samuel Commentary > chapter 21. (Read 1 Samuel 21:1-9) David, in distress, fled to the tabernacle of God. This severely frightened David, and he immediately began feigning madness. "He went there to inquire of the Lord (1 Samuel 22:10), as he had done formerly (1 Samuel 5:15). Shall this fellow come into my house"?". None of the critical scholars whose works we have studied has been able to propose any better arrangement of the text than that which has come down to us; and some of the attempted rearrangements of the various episodes are not only unconvincing, but sometimes even ridiculous. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/1-samuel-21.html. And David said, "There is none like that; give it to me.". "[12] "Ephrem Syrus thought that Doeg had committed some trespass, and was detained till he offered the appointed sacrifice. Saul Tries to Kill David. David had reason to put confidence in Achish, yet he began to be afraid. "No common bread ... but there is holy bread" (1 Samuel 21:4). 1. All other rights reserved. Now then, what have you at hand? 2 But when the Pharisees saw it, they said to Him, “Behold, Your disciples do what is not lawful to do on a Sabbath.” 3 But He said to them, “Have you not read what David did, when he became hungry, he and his companions; 4 how he entered the … In those days, … Doeg set his foot as far within the tabernacle as David did. Bennett has a word of wisdom on this subject. To whom else could he have gone, except to the Lord? Keith Simons. Samuel, Saul and David. David with Ahimelech. 10. And the priest answered David, "I have no common bread at hand, but there is holy bread; if only the young men have kept themselves from women." Now David came to Nob, to Ahimelech the priest. (Psalm 73:16-17). The bread was a featured provision of the tabernacle and was replaced each week with hot bread. "[18], "So he changed his behavior ... and feigned madness" (1 Samuel 21:13). The Son of David taught from it, that mercy is to be preferred to sacrifice; that ritual observances must give way to moral duties. The monarchy of Israel begins with a narrative of despair and humility. Anointed! Speaking of Jesus, the writer of Hebrews says that "He had to be made like His brethren in all thin… "And David rose and fled that day from Saul, and went to Achish the king of Gath. David with his men did what was unlawful in taking and eating that bread (Matthew 12:3-4). David told Ahimelech a gross untruth. 1 Samuel 21:13. "[5] The great prophet of the Lord Samuel as well as the prince had proved powerless to protect David. Nob— A city of priests, where the tabernacle now was. David told Ahimelech a gross untruth. In this place his person must have been known, and to venture into that country, he their greatest enemy, and with the sword of Goliath in his hand, would seem to have been a perilous experiment; but, doubtless, the protection he received … "Shall this fellow come into my house" (1 Samuel 21:15). "If only the young men have kept themselves from women" (1 Samuel 21:5). 1 samuel 21 commentary 1. "Now therefore what is under thine hand? Cook wrote that, "The words here rendered `a cloth' actually refer to Goliath's military cloak, which was part of the dedicated trophy. It is also possible that the ark of the covenant had been brought to Nob from Kiriath-jearim by Saul in the early part of his reign. Ahimelech insisted on this regulation being observed, but ignored the one about only priests being able to eat that bread."[6]. They merely refer to David's continued flight from Saul. fled . Did they not sing to one another of him in dances, And David took these words to heart, and was much afraid of Achish the king of Gath. He said (if we may paraphrase), "Well, not exactly; the women have been kept from the young men"! God always gives us the best we will take, for his mercy endureth forever. That this is a true chronological arrangement is certainly as likely as anything that 19th century or 20th century critical scholars have concocted in place of it.

1 samuel 21 commentary

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