Drug Side Effects
Drugs approved and sold in every country must be safe and effective. This means that the benefits of using the drug must be greater than the known risks of side effects. However, all medications, both prescription and over-the-counter have side effects, also known as adverse effects. The side effects are unexpected and unwanted reactions or events following the taking of a drug. The side effects of a drug may range from minor reaction such as drowsiness to life-threatening reactions such as anaphylaxis or the risk of a heart attack.
Many things affect people who do and who do not have a side effect when taking the same drug. These are the person’s age, gender, allergies, the body’s way of absorbing the drug, consumption of other drugs, vitamins, and dietary supplements. Common side effects of drugs include an upset stomach, drowsiness, and dry mouth. A side effect may be considered serious if the taking of the drug will result in death, hospitalization, life-threatening situation, permanent damage or disability, or birth defect when exposed to before or during pregnancy.
Side effects happen when treating a condition or illness causes a problem because it does more things than simply treating the target issue. A side effect may also be positive. There are cases when people are treated for their cataracts using laser and it resulted in improved eyesight. The adverse side effect simply means the result is unwanted or undesirable.
Side effects typically occur when you:
- start taking or using a new drug, dietary supplement, or mineral or vitamin
- stop taking a drug that you had been taking for a while
- when you either increase or decrease the dosage of the drug that you are taking
Reducing the risk of side effects
There are many ways to learn about the side effects of the drugs you are taking and reduce the risk of experiencing a side effect:
- Asking your healthcare professional about the possible side effects of the medication that he just prescribed for you. Also, ask your healthcare professional the steps that you should do to reduce the risks of side effects from the drug eliquis that he prescribed. At times, you can lower the risk of the side effects of a drug by taking it with food to lower the risk of getting nausea.
- When you receive your medication from the pharmacist, ask him for the patient information for that particular medication. The drug information is typically provided by the manufacturer together with the drug that you purchases.
- Read the medication label and any sticker attached to the medication bottle. Both have information or instruction on how to properly take the medication, including dosage and frequency of use.
When you experience a side effect of a drug, work with your healthcare professional how to eliminate or at least minimize the side effects and how to prevent future side effects from occurring.