Combivent is a metered-dose inhaler containing a combination of albuterol and ipratropium. Albuterol and ipratropium are bronchodilators that relax muscles in the airways and increase air flow to the lungs
Combivent is used as an inhaled medication to prevent bronchospasm in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who are also using other medicines to control their condition.
Use Combivent exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. Follow the directions on your prescription label.
Combivent may increase the risk of asthma-related death. It is critical that you use only the prescribed dose of this medicine and follow all patient instructions for safe use of the medication.
Combivent comes with patient instructions for safe and effective use. Follow these directions carefully. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions.
To use the Combivent inhaler:
- Shake the canister vigorously for at least 10 seconds before each spray.
- Uncap the mouthpiece of the inhaler. Breathe out fully. Put the mouthpiece into your mouth and close your lips. Keep your eyes closed to prevent spraying any medicine into your eyes. Breathe in slowly while pushing down on the canister. Hold your breath for 10 seconds, then breathe out slowly.
- If you use more than one inhalation at a time, wait at least 2 minutes before using the second inhalation.
- Keep your inhaler clean and dry, and store it with the cap on the mouthpiece. Clean your inhaler once a week by removing the canister and placing the mouthpiece under warm running water for at least 30 seconds. Allow the parts to dry before putting the inhaler back together.
Call your doctor right away if any of your medications do not seem to work as well in preventing attacks.
To be sure Combivent is helping your condition and not causing harmful effects, your lung function will need to be tested often. You may also need blood tests at your doctor’s office. Visit your doctor regularly.
Use Combivent regularly to get the most benefit. Get your prescription refilled before you run out of medicine completely.
Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Extreme heat can cause the medicine canister to burst. Do not store it in your car on hot days. Do not throw an empty canister into open flame.
Keep track of the number of sprays you have used and throw away the Combivent inhaler canister after 200 sprays, even if it feels like there is still medicine in it.
Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction to Combivent: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Stop using Combivent and call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:
- wheezing, choking, or other breathing problems (especially after starting a new canister of this medicine);
- chest pain, pounding heartbeats or fluttering in your chest;
- dangerously high blood pressure (severe headache, anxiety, uneven heartbeats);
- swelling of your ankles or feet;
- eye pain, or seeing halos around lights;
- painful or difficult urination; or
- low potassium (confusion, extreme thirst, increased urination, leg discomfort, muscle weakness or limp feeling).
Other common Combivent side effects may include:
- mild headache; or
- cold symptoms such as stuffy nose, sneezing, cough, or sore throat.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.