Avandia (rosiglitazone) is an oral diabetes medicine that helps control blood sugar levels.
Avandia is for people with type 2 diabetes. It is sometimes used in combination with other medicines, but it is not for treating type 1 diabetes.
Avandia is not recommended for use with insulin.
Taking Avandia may increase your risk of serious heart problems, such as heart attack or stroke. Therefore, this medcicine is available only to certain people with type 2 diabetes that cannot be controlled with other diabetes medications.
Avandia is available only under a special program called Avandia-Rosiglitazone Medicines Access Program. You must be registered in the program and sign documents stating that you understand the risks and benefits of taking this medication.
Do not use Avandia if you have type 1 diabetes, or if you are in a state of diabetic ketoacidosis (call your doctor for treatment with insulin).
To make sure you can safely take Avandia, tell your doctor if you have any of these other conditions:
- congestive heart failure or heart disease;
- a history of heart attack or stroke;
- liver disease; or
- eye problems caused by diabetes.
Women may be more likely than men to have bone fractures in the upper arm, hand, or foot while taking Avandia. Talk with your doctor if you are concerned about this possibility.
FDA pregnancy category C. It is not known whether Avandia will harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant while using this medication. Some women using Avandia have started having menstrual periods, even after not having a period for a long time due to a medical condition. You may be able to get pregnant if your periods restart. Talk with your doctor about the need for birth control. It is not known whether rosiglitazone passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Do not use Avandia without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.
Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction to Avandia: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Stop using Avandia and call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:
- feeling short of breath, even with mild exertion;
- swelling or rapid weight gain;
- chest pain or heavy feeling, pain spreading to the arm or shoulder, sweating, general ill feeling;
- nausea, stomach pain, low fever, loss of appetite, dark urine, clay-colored stools, jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes);
- blurred vision;
- increased thirst or hunger, urinating more than usual; or
- pale skin, easy bruising or bleeding, weakness.
Less serious Avandia side effects may include:
- cold symptoms such as stuffy nose, sneezing, sore throat;
- headache; or
- back pain.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.