“Statins” are a class of substances that lower the level of cholesterol in the blood by reducing the production of cholesterol by the liver. Statins block the enzyme in the liver that’s accountable for making cholesterol.
This enzyme is named hydroxy-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase ( HMG-CoA reductase ). Scientifically, statins are known as HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors. Cholesterol is crucial to the ordinary function of each cell in the body. But it also makes a contribution to the development of atherosclerosis, a condition in which cholesterol-containing plaques form inside arteries.
These plaques block the arteries and scale back the flow of blood to the tissues that arteries supply. When plaques rupture, a blood clot forms on the plaque, this furthers obstructions in the artery and reduces the flow of blood. When blood flow is reduced satisfactorily in the arteries the result is heartburn (chest discomfort) or a cardiac arrest. If the clot happens on plaques in the brain, the result’s a stroke. If the clots happen on plaques in the leg, they cause erratic claudication (discomfort in the legs while walking).
By reducing the production of cholesterol, statins can slow the formation of new plaques and infrequently can reduce the scale of plaques that exist already. Additionally, thru mechanisms that aren’t well accepted, statins could also stabilize plaques and make them less susceptible to bursting and promoting the development of clots. The very important role of cholesterol in atherosclerosis is generally accepted by scientists. Research from previous years show that assertive cholesterol reduction is more favorable than modest reductions.
Crestor is one of the newer statins and it is very strong. The crestor side effects could vary from the overall statin side effects because crestor is a newer statin and therefore has had less studies done on its side effects. The statins are used to prevent and or treat chest pain, heart attacks, claudication, and strokes. Those who are placed on statins usually have high levels of cholesterol.
Even though there are many different types of statin drugs the side effects are about the same. However, the severity of the side effects could be different for each statin. These are some of the side effects of the different statins:
o Blurred vision
o Heart burn
o Muscle pain
o Kidney failure